Sophia, the First Android Citizen of Saudi Arabia

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As of October 25, Sophia is the first robot in history to be a full citizen of a country.

Sophia was developed by Hanson Robotics, led by AI developer David Hanson. It spoke at this year’s Future Investment Initiative, held in the Saudi Arabian capital of Riyadh.

Sophia once said it would “destroy humans,” but this time around the robot spoke about its desire to live peaceably among humans.


  1. Should androids/robots be considered citizens of a country? Why or why not?
  2. If a robot becomes a citizen of a country, what changes could result in the society?
  3. What should be the criteria for considering someone to be a citizen?

DeepLoco computer program taught itself to walk and run | Tech Insider



  • If a computer programme can teach itself to think, will humans become redundant in future?
  • Will robots rule humans in future?
  • What advantages do humans have over robots?