Ted Ed Lessons for Additional Listening Practice (Customs & Culture)

  1. The history of marriage https://ed.ted.com/lessons/the-history-of-marriage-alex-gendler#review
  2. The history of Tea https://ed.ted.com/lessons/the-history-of-tea-shunan-teng#review
  3. Where do superstitions come from? https://ed.ted.com/lessons/where-do-superstitions-come-from-stuart-vyse#review
  4. Kabuki: The people’s dramatic art https://ed.ted.com/lessons/kabuki-the-people-s-dramatic-art-amanda-mattes#review
  5. The origins of ballet https://ed.ted.com/lessons/the-origins-of-ballet-jennifer-tortorello-and-adrienne-westwood#review
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Ted Ed Lessons for Additional Listening Practice (Environment)

  1. https://ed.ted.com/lessons/the-carbon-cycle-nathaniel-manning#review
  2. https://ed.ted.com/lessons/the-science-of-smog-kim-preshoff#review
  3. https://ed.ted.com/lessons/why-i-m-a-weekday-vegetarian-graham-hill#review
  4. https://ed.ted.com/lessons/what-really-happens-to-the-plastic-you-throw-away-emma-bryce#review
  5. https://ed.ted.com/lessons/what-are-the-challenges-of-nuclear-power-m-v-ramana-and-sajan-saini#review
  6. https://ed.ted.com/lessons/the-popularity-plight-and-poop-of-penguins-dyan-denapoli#review
  7. https://ed.ted.com/lessons/can-wildlife-adapt-to-climate-change-erin-eastwood#review
  8. https://ed.ted.com/lessons/the-case-of-the-vanishing-honeybees-emma-bryce#review
  9. https://ed.ted.com/lessons/how-smart-are-dolphins-lori-marino#review
  10. https://ed.ted.com/lessons/the-networked-beauty-of-forests-suzanne-simard#review

Differences

Source: https://www.facebook.com/bbc/videos/1320340191334613/

Source: https://youtu.be/1MJrRvpjB1I

Questions:

  1. Did you expect the children to have these responses?
  2. Is prejudice inherent or learnt?
  3. How important is it to accept people’s differences? How important is it to be similar to other people?
  4. How can you make people less discriminatory?

Preserving dying martial arts

Source: https://youtu.be/xXJIVJSBYBM

Source: https://www.facebook.com/ThisIsZinc/videos/746701262197209/

Questions:

  1. Is it necessary to continue / preserve these (martial arts) traditions? Why (not)?
  2. Can people be encouraged to practise these martial arts?
  3. What other ways are possible to preserve these arts?

Shenzhen village plays host to Hakka descendants – including Jamaican/African Americans | South China Morning Post

Source: https://www.facebook.com/scmp/videos/10155800196534820/

Read: http://www.scmp.com/lifestyle/article/2118971/shenzhen-village-plays-host-hakka-descendents-including-jamaican/african

Although finding her Chinese grandfather was Madison’s primary goal, coming to Luo Shui He connects her with relatives from around the world.

“What my mother experienced was, if you get too far away, you don’t know how to get back. My mother didn’t grow up as part of the Lowe family; my grandfather looked for her for the entire 15 years he was in Jamaica until he returned to China, but he couldn’t find her. I think it’s important that all our family members have the opportunity to come back every once in a while. Come back and know that you’re connected, you’re grounded, you’re not floating alone in the world. You’re not lost.”

She says China cannot ignore this growing multi-ethnic diaspora, which challenges the definition of being Chinese. “You cannot tell me that I am not Chinese and you cannot tell me that I’m not Hakka, because I am,” she says.

“So what do you do, China?” she asks. “You need to welcome us. Welcome us as we come home because we are also products of Chinese culture, civilisation, principles, and we have an allegiance to our Chinese ancestry, our heritage. That’s why I want people to come here, to Luo Shui He.”

Questions:

  1. How do you define Chinese / Vietnamese / American etc.?
  2. Imagine this: Your grandparents were from Vietnam but migrated to Australia. You do not speak Vietnamese but English, and enjoy Australian pursuits. How do you define yourself?
  3. In a fast changing world where inter-cultural marriages are on the rise, is it necessary to investigate one’s roots? How closely should customs be followed?
  4. Do intercultural marriages have a positive or negative effect on the world?

End of Death Robot

(Source: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WuYTfKMveLk)

Read: https://www.cnet.com/news/last-moment-robot-end-of-life-detected/

Chen, an artist, designer, and engineer who just graduated from the Rhode Island School of Design with an MFA in Digital + Media, built the machine as one of a series of functional robots capable of reenacting human social behaviors. But just how much can a machine impart comfort and security?

Therapeutic robots have been used with other populations as well, including autistic children. But the idea of what is, in essence, a robot hospice worker, pushes the conceptual boundaries of human-machine interaction to places some people might not be ready to go. Which is precisely what Chen wants to do.

“The device is meant to raise questions,” he says. “The process of dying is probably the most vulnerable moment of a human life, where one seeks the assurance of human connection. In this installation, human presence is replaced with a robot, questioning the quality of intimacy without humanity.”

(Katz, 2012)

Questions:

  1. What do you think is the “right” way to die?
  2. Would you like to be accompanied by a robot as you die? What about your mobile phone?
  3. People subcontract out many manual jobs – for example, there are domestic servants to do housework, nannies to look after babies, tutors to teach children. Have human beings become disconnected from each other that even death becomes a detached affair?

How This Town Produces No Trash

(Source: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eym10GGidQU)

Read: http://www.scmp.com/news/asia/east-asia/article/2072602/japans-zero-waste-town-so-good-recycling-it-attracting-foreign (Asian slant)

https://www.citylab.com/equity/2015/12/let-this-japanese-town-show-you-how-zero-waste-is-done/419706/ (American slant)

It may seem like an overkill, but the small Japanese town, with a population of just over 1,700, is on a mission to become the country’s first ‘zero-waste’ community by 2020. And, they’re almost there. According to the video, Kamikatsu already recycles about 80 percent of its trash, with the last 20 percent going into a landfill. That progress is 12 years in the making. In 2003, Kamikatsu declared its zero-waste ambition after the town gave up the practice of dumping trash into an open fire for fear of endangering both the environment and the population.

There are no garbage trucks, so each resident has to wash, sort, and bring their trash to the recycling center—which residents admit took some time getting used to. A worker oversees the sorting process at the center, making sure trash goes into the right bins. Some used items are taken to businesses to be resold or repurposed into clothing, toys, and accessories.

(Poon, 2015)

Questions:

  1. Is it important to recycle or reduce waste? Why, or why not?
  2. Would this recycling system work in your hometown? Why, or why not?
  3. In order for it to work, what must be done?
  4. What are the effects of videos like this?
  5. What are the effects of more people watching videos like this?
  6. What are the effects of more people going to Kamikatsu?

Hair – Politics or Fashion

Questions:

  1. Do you have long hair or short? Why?
  2. (If you say because men have short hair, and women have long hair, this was a rather recent convention. Watch the next video.)
  3. Do you know any cultures where men have/had long hair?
  4. Should hair be a political statement, a fashion statement, or anything else?

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Read: http://jpninfo.com/44674https://www.independent.ie/style/beauty/hair/are-man-buns-really-the-new-beards-for-hipsters-30868993.html

Questions:

  1. Why did Japanese men during the Edo era keep a hairstyle called the chonmage top knot with shaved parts?
  2. Do you like the hipster man bun?

==========

Read: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kesh_(Sikhism)http://stellarreaches.nwgamers.org/2017/03/18/imperial-fashion/

Questions:

  1. Why do Sikhs keep long hair?
  2. Why did the Chinese have a queue/pigtail?

==========

(Source: https://youtu.be/7yKrzHAGj2c)

(Source: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=R1acEHz7FRM)

(Source: https://www.facebook.com/rackednational/videos/1832461570117360/)

Questions:

  1. After learning all this information, what is your opinion on hair length for men and women?
  2. Would you try something different?
  3. Should hair be a political statement, a fashion statement, or anything else?

Sophia, the First Android Citizen of Saudi Arabia

(Full version source: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=S5t6K9iwcdw)

(Short version source: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5Rv_H1NKRa8)

http://www.businessinsider.sg/meet-the-first-robot-citizen-sophia-animatronic-humanoid-2017-10/

As of October 25, Sophia is the first robot in history to be a full citizen of a country.

Sophia was developed by Hanson Robotics, led by AI developer David Hanson. It spoke at this year’s Future Investment Initiative, held in the Saudi Arabian capital of Riyadh.

Sophia once said it would “destroy humans,” but this time around the robot spoke about its desire to live peaceably among humans.

Questions:

  1. Should androids/robots be considered citizens of a country? Why or why not?
  2. If a robot becomes a citizen of a country, what changes could result in the society?
  3. What should be the criteria for considering someone to be a citizen?